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Home » First Aid » Abdominal Injuries

Abdominal Injuries:

The abdomen—the lower two-thirds of the trunk—contains many vital organs which are richly supplied with blood. They include the bladder, uterus and intestines. A car accident. a fall, or a stab or bullet wound can cause serious damage to those organs, or to the blood vessels connected to them.

Open Wounds

Often, the injury is clearly visible. Sometimes an internal organ may protrude through the wound.

Warning signs:

  • Paleness, cold clammy skin and sometimes sweat on forehead.
  • Faintness and or nausea.

Internal Injuries

In other accidents, there may be little or no external sign of injury. However, the victim may be suffering from internal bleeding. All suspected abdominal injuries should be examined by a doctor as soon as possible.

Warning signs

  • Pain or tenderness in the abdomen.
  • Tightening of the abdomen.
  • Bruises and abrasions.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Muscular spasms.
  • Paleness, cold clammy skin and sometimes sweat on forehead.
  • Faintness and/or nausea.

Open Wounds (no organs protruding)/Action

  1. If no internal organs are protruding from a vertical wound, lie the casualty flat on her back with her feet slightly raised. That position helps to keep the wound closed. Do not put any coats or blankets under the casualty's head
  2. Expose the wound by gently removing the clothing from around it, and put a clean dressing over it. This will staunch the bleeding.
  3. Tie the dressing in place firmly, but not too tightly, with a bandage or other suitable material. The knot should not be directly over the wound.
  4. Cover the casualty with a coat or blanket, leaving her arms outside. Get medical attention as quickly as possible, but do not leave the casualty alone.

Open Wounds (organs protruding)/Action

  1. If the wound is in the abdomen, lie the casualty on his back with coats or blankets under his shoulders and under his bent knees, to support the natural action of the abdominal muscles. Do not try to push back any protruding organs.
  2. Gently remove the casualty's clothing from around the wound to expose it for treatment. Do not cough, sneeze or breathe on the wound, as that may cause it to become infected.
  3. Cover the wound and any protruding organs lightly with a large dressing or fresh linen. Fix the dressing in place with a bandage, so that it covers, but does not press down on, the wound.
  4. Cover casualty with a coat or blanket, leaving his arms outside. Get medical attention as soon as possible, but do not leave casualty alone. Check pulse and breathing rate frequently.

The List of Diseases Starting Letter P

Paget's Disease of the Bones Pain Pancreatitis Paratyphoid
Parkinson's Disease Paronychia Paroxysmal Tachycardia Pemphigoid
Pemphigus  Perforated Ear-Drum Pericarditis Period Problems
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Photosensitivity Pigmented Naevus Piles Pityriasis Rosea
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Poliomyelitis Polymyalgia Rheumatica Polyneuropathy Polyposis of the Colon
Port-Wine Stain Post-Concussional Syndrome Having a Baby Pregnancy, Diseases Of
Premenstrual Tension Prickly Heat Proctitis Prostate Gland, Enlarged
Prostatitis Psoriasis Pulmonary Embolism Pyelonephritis
Pyloric Stenosis


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